The Historical Way Stage
From the top of the legendary castle of Aljezur, one of the seven that are represented in the flag of Portugal, the flat and fertile soils of the floodplains are home to the famous and incomparable sweet potato of Aljezur. The streams meander through these fields with their magnificent galleries of cottonwood, alders, ash, tamarisk, and willows. Man has lived respectfully and harmoniously with this natural world, strongly influenced by the change in seasons. As a result, we find an agricultural landscape rich in diversity, especially regarding plants, insects, birds, amphibians and mammals. In the spring, butterflies rival the flowers in the colorful explosion that occurs.
Exiting the village you can take in the beauty of the stream running through the valley of Aljezur, extending to Amoreira Beach. Here you can imagine what Aljezur must have looked like in the fifteenth century, when all this valley was navigable, constituting the only port of shelter from the steep coast between Vila Nova de Milfontes and Sagres. Here, ships came from Lisbon, Flanders and Castile. Before reaching the coast, you will cross mountainous areas where eucalyptus predominates. The heavy planting of the eucalyptus is owed to the growing need for paper, and strips the region’s forest of their original natural character. The eucalyptus diminishes biodiversity, above and below ground, consumes enormous amounts of water, contributes to soil erosion and leads to the depletion of mineral nutrients. When you spot the sea rising from the horizon, in a landscape swept by salty winds, where shrubs predominate, you can anticipate the arrival of the incomparable Arrifana Bay.
Where to start
Next to the market of Aljezur, following towards the Municipal Museum, where you must turn left.
Next to the parking lot at the top of Arrifana Beach, following the asphalt road towards Vale da Telha and Aljezur, until you enter the dirt road on the right.
Rules and Recommendations
Refreshments along the way
At km 5, at the junction with the N 1003 road, making a detour of 600 meters to the right, heading to Vales.
Along this route you will have to walk along and cross multiple times roads that may have traffic.
Walk with caution and always on the left side of the road so that you stay visible for oncoming traffic.
Caretaker of this trail
Caretakers since 2020
“Domitur is a tourism agency that promotes Portugal abroad. We believe that we have a beautiful territory, full of history, very good people to welcome, great cuisine and an incredible nature. The Portuguese South- West Coast is an example of this. Excellent walking routes by the sea and in the interior of the territory. We therefore decided to give volunteer support to 2 excellent routes: a historical way and another one on the fishermen's trail in one of the most beautiful areas of our region – Algarve: Arrifana and Aljezur.”